A Machine Learning based location recording and activity detection framework for iOS.

Location and Motion Recording

  • Combined, simplified Core Location and Core Motion recording
  • Filtered, smoothed, and simplified location and motion data
  • Near real time stationary / moving state detection
  • Automatic energy use management, enabling all day recording
  • Automatic stopping and restarting of recording, to avoid wasteful battery use

Activity Type Detection

  • Machine Learning based activity type detection
  • Improved detection of Core Motion activity types (stationary, walking, running, cycling, automotive)
  • Distinguish between specific transport types (car, train, bus, motorcycle, airplane, boat)

Record High Level Visits and Paths

  • Optionally produce high level Path and Visit timeline items, to represent the recording session at human level. Similar to Core Location’s CLVisit, but with much higher accuracy, much more detail, and with the addition of Paths (ie the trips between Visits).
  • Optionally persist your recorded samples and timeline items to a local SQL based store, for retention between sessions.


pod 'LocoKit'
pod 'LocoKit/LocalStore' # optional

Note: Include the optional LocoKit/LocalStore subspec if you would like to retain your samples and timeline items in the SQL persistent store.

High Level Recording

Record TimelineItems (Paths and Visits)

// retain a timeline manager
self.timeline = TimelineManager()

// start recording, and producing timeline items 

// observe timeline item updates
when(timeline, does: .updatedTimelineItem) { _ in
    let currentItem = timeline.currentItem

    // duration of the current Path or Visit
    print("item.duration: \(currentItem.duration)")

    // activity type of the current Path (eg walking, cycling, car)
    if let path = currentItem as? Path {
        print("path.activityType: \(path.activityType)")

    // examine each of the LocomotionSamples within the Path or Visit
    for sample in currentItem.samples {
        print("sample: \(sample)")

Low Level Recording

Record LocomotionSamples (CLLocations combined with Core Motion data)

// the recording manager singleton
let loco = LocomotionManager.highlander
// decide which Core Motion features to include
loco.recordPedometerEvents = true
loco.recordAccelerometerEvents = true
loco.recordCoreMotionActivityTypeEvents = true
// decide whether to use "sleep mode" to allow for all day recording 
loco.useLowPowerSleepModeWhileStationary = true

Note: The above settings are all on by default. The above snippets are unnecessary, and just here to show you some of the available options.

// start recording 
// watch for updated LocomotionSamples
when(loco, does: .locomotionSampleUpdated) { _ in

    // the raw CLLocation

    // a more usable, de-noised CLLocation

    // a smoothed, simplified, combined location and motion sample

Detect Activity Types

Note that if you are using a TimelineManager, activity type classifying is already handled for you by the manager, on both the sample and timeline item levels. You should only need to directly interact with clasifiers if you are either not using a TimelineManager, or are wanting to do low level processing at the sample level.

// fetch a geographically relevant classifier
let classifier = ActivityTypeClassifier(coordinate: location.coordinate)

// classify a locomotion sample
let results = classifier.classify(sample)

// get the best match activity type
let bestMatch = results.first

// print the best match type's name ("walking", "car", etc)

Note: The above code snippets use SwiftNotes to make the event observing code easier to read. If you’re not using SwiftNotes, your observers should be written something like this:

let noteCenter = NotificationCenter.default
let queue = OperationQueue.main 

// watch for updates
noteCenter.addObserver(forName: .locomotionSampleUpdated, object: loco, queue: queue) { _ in
    // do stuff

Examples and Screenshots


Try the LocoKit Demo App

  1. Download or clone this repository
  2. pod install
  3. In Xcode, change the Demo App project’s Team to match your Apple Developer Account
  4. In Xcode, change the Demo App project’s Bundle Identifier to something unique
  5. Build and run!
  6. Go for a walk, cycle, drive, etc, and see the results :)

Try Arc App on the App Store

  • To see the SDK in action in a live, production app, install Arc App from the App Store, our free life logging app based on LocoKit